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6/18 Update: Japan’s Measures Against the Coronavirus and What You Can Do Now

This article focuses on the coronavirus (COVID-19), which is having devastating effects all around the world. It reports on the state of the coronavirus in Japan and new policies and initiatives that are being put into place after the state of emergency was lifted.

Latest Information on the Coronavirus in Japan

The first case of the coronavirus in Japan was confirmed on January 16, 2020. After that, the number of cases started increasing from around February.

As the number of cases increased, the Japanese government took measures such as requesting that people self-isolate and wear masks, postpone or cancel large-scale events, and shut down all primary and secondary schools nationwide. However, on April 3, the number of cases exceeded 3,000, leading to the official declaration on April 7 of a state of emergency in seven prefectures, including Tokyo and Osaka. On April 16, the state of emergency was extended to the entire country, but was lifted in 39 prefectures on May 14. The state of emergency, which lasted in total for about seven weeks, was finally lifted nationwide on May 25. After lifting the state of emergency, measures such as self-isolation and limits to the use of public facilities will likely be relaxed in stages. However, the Japanese government is reminding residents to continue with infection prevention efforts for the time being, such as refraining from going out and keeping distance from other people.

The policy of the national and prefectural governments moving forward will be to continue to monitor the situation, prepare for the possibility of a second wave by strengthening the healthcare system and testing facilities, and striking the right balance between stopping the spread of infection and maintaining society's economic activity.

As of June 8, 2020, there was a total of 17,223 coronavirus cases recorded in Japan, among which 919 resulted in death (the number excludes cruise passengers).
Currently, 181 countries and territories restrict the entry of Japanese citizens and people traveling from Japan. In addition, 78 countries and territories have policies in place that restrict movements after entry. Japan currently bans the entry of travelers from 111 countries/territories.
*Based on information dated June 9, 2020

The Three Cs

On March 28, 2020, Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare made an official announcement on "avoiding the three Cs".
The three Cs refers to the three factors that could easily cause a mass infection of the coronavirus: closed spaces, crowded places, and close contact. In order to prevent the spread of the disease and mass infection, these types of settings should be avoided. In more detail, the three refer to:
・Closed spaces with poor ventilation
・Crowded places where many people gather
・Close-contact settings such as close-range conversations

The government has taken measures to prevent areas with the three Cs, where there is an increased risk of a "cluster" of infections. The government has also called for people to refrain from going places where the three Cs apply, such as live music venues, karaoke establishments, and nightclubs.
Avoiding the three Cs, proper hand washing and gargling, wearing a mask, and observing social distancing are small things, yet each person being aware and making the effort to prevent infection will all add up and lead to the protection of our loved ones from the virus.

What Is Tokyo's Coronavirus Roadmap?

On May 22, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government announced a roadmap to be followed to prevent the spread of the coronavirus while maintaining economic activity. The five main points are as follows:

1. Limit the spread of the coronavirus as much as possible by rigorously implementing stay-at-home and other measures.
2. Strike a balance with the lives of Tokyo citizens and socioeconomic activities through monitoring and other efforts.
3. Issue a "Tokyo Alert" if and when necessary.
4. Strengthen the healthcare and testing systems so that Japan is fully ready for a second wave of coronavirus infections.
5. Build a society in which a "new normal" is established.

Seven indices to measure infection rates, healthcare, and monitoring have been determined and are updated on the Tokyo government's COVID-19 Information Website and also communicated through lights on the Rainbow Bridge. If a "Tokyo Alert" is issued due to indications of increasing infections, the lights on the Rainbow Bridge will turn red.

Rainbow Bridge lit up in blue to recognize the contributions of healthcare workers.

Steps for Relaxing Business Suspension Requests

The Tokyo Metropolitan Government announced that after the state of emergency is lifted, business suspension requests will be gradually relaxed for different industries and facilities while taking maximum care to prevent infections. There are four steps to lifting business suspension requests, starting with Step 0 (the full state of emergency) through Step 1 to 3 in accordance with infection rates.
Planned relaxation under each step is described in the table below.

Table on Steps for Relaxing Business Suspension Requests

The "New Normal" in Practice

Although the state of emergency has been lifted, measures to battle the coronavirus will continue for the foreseeable future. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare has put together examples of how to incorporate the "new normal" in everyday life based on recommendations by the Novel Coronavirus Expert Meeting. Following are the specifics:

1. Standard Infection Control Measures

The three standard practices each individual should adhere to are physical distancing, mask-wearing, and hand-washing.

・Keep a physical distance of at least 1 m from others and 2 m where possible.
・If going out for leisure, try to stay outdoors instead of indoors.
・When conversing, avoid directly facing others as much as possible.
・When leaving the house, wear masks indoors or when talking, even if you have no symptoms.
・Wash hands immediately after returning home. Change clothes and shower as soon as possible.
・Wash hands thoroughly for about 30 seconds using water and soap (or hand sanitizer).
*Be especially vigilant when meeting elderly people or people with pre-existing conditions.

Infection Control Measures for Traveling
・Avoid traveling from or to areas with high infection rates.
・Avoid trips to see family or for leisure and limit business travel to necessary trips.
・Take notes on where you have met people in case you test positive.
・Stay informed about infection rates in your area.

2. Lifestyle Considerations

Following are points to be aware of in your daily life:
・Diligently practice hand hygiene (washing/sanitizing).
・Diligently practice coughing etiquette.
・Ventilate frequently.
・Practice physical distancing.
・Avoid the "three C's" (crowded places, close contact, closed spaces).
・Check your temperature and health every morning and remain at home if you have a fever or cold symptoms.

3. In Everyday Life (Specific Examples)

[Shopping]
・Utilize online shopping.
・Shop alone or with a limited number of people and try to go when the stores are less crowded.
・Use electronic payments.
・Plan ahead to finish quickly.
・Avoid touching samples and other items that are displayed.
・Stand far enough apart from others when lining up for the register.

[Leisure, Sports, Etc.]
・When going to the park, choose a relatively empty time and location.
・Use videos for weight training, yoga, etc. at home.
・Jog alone or with a limited number of people.
・Practice physical distancing when passing others.
・Make reservations to enjoy services at leisure.
・Do not stay in small rooms for extended periods of time.
・Practice distancing when singing or cheering, or use online platforms.

[Public Transportation]
・Keep conversations to a minimum.
・Avoid crowded times.
・Walk or bicycle whenever possible.

[Meals]
・Get takeout and delivery.
・Enjoy eating outdoors.
・Avoid shared plates, order individually.
・Sit side-by-side instead of facing one another.
・Focus on the food, limit conversations.
・Do not pour drinks for each other, do not share glasses or sake cups.

[Family Events Such As Weddings and Funerals]
・Avoid eating in large groups.
・Do not participate if you have a fever or cold symptoms.

4. A New Way of Working

・Work at home or take turns in the office.
・Stagger commute times.
・Keep space in the office.
・Exchange business cards and hold meetings online.
・If meeting in person, wear masks and be sure to ventilate.

10 Tips for Reducing Contact Between People by 80 Percent

The state of emergency that was declared in seven prefectures (including Tokyo and Osaka) on April 7, 2020 was extended to the entire country on April 16. However, a panel of experts on coronavirus infection control measures revealed that following the declaration of a state of emergency, the objective set for stopping the spread of the infection, “an 80 percent reduction in contact between people”, has not been thoroughly carried out, so on April 22, they introduced 10 tips for reducing contact with others. Read on for a more detailed description of the measures.

10 Tips for Reducing Contact Between People by 80 Percent

1. Online Family Reunions via Video Chat

If you live away from your family, you must want to know how they are doing and go check on them; however, long-distance travel on public transport comes with the risk of infection. And at your family home, there may also be an increase of contact with elderly people who have a high risk of becoming seriously ill from the virus, so stay in touch with video chat software instead.

2. Go to Supermarkets Alone or in Small Groups at Less Crowded Times

Supermarkets are extremely convenient for purchasing the essentials for daily life. However, if you go when it's crowded such as in the evening, or go shopping in a large group, the aisles and register will become a crowded, closed space, creating a high risk of infection.
In order to avoid crowds, Google your store’s busy times beforehand, and go to the supermarket alone at a time where it's as empty as possible. So that you can get your grocery shopping done quickly, it’s suggested to make a shopping list ahead of time as well.

3. Choose a Less Crowded Park at a Less Crowded Time for Jogging in Small Groups

As people continue to stay indoors, jogging has become popular as a way to keep up an exercise routine. Outdoor exercise is considered safe; however, from a perspective of infection prevention, it’s best to jog alone or in small groups. While running, cover your mouth and nose with a mask or buff, and keep a sufficient distance from other runners. Also, when going to a park, try to choose a time and place that's less crowded.

4. If It Can Wait, Buy It Online

In order to avoid non-essential and non-urgent outings, use e-commerce sites to purchase items that you don’t need right away and daily necessities that keep well.

5. Have Online Drinking Parties

Stress can build up as the isolation continues, so there are probably a lot of people who want to occasionally go for a drink with friends. To maintain reduced contact with others, try holding a drinking party using an online video chat service. If you have a suitable network connection, all you need is your own food and drink, and you can easily communicate with friends and acquaintances.

6. Use Remote Medical Services and Reschedule Regular Health Checks

If you’re feeling unwell, try getting an online medical consultation first. This prevents the spread of infection from patients, particularly infecting health care workers. And if possible, reschedule any regular health checks to free up consultation appointments.

7. Use Videos for Workouts and Yoga at Home

There are tons of at-home workouts, yoga, and fitness exercise videos available on online video streaming platforms such as YouTube and sports clubs’ sites. Sports and physical activity are important for maintaining your physical and mental health, so use these to be proactive in moving your body at home.

8. Order Takeout or Home Delivery

As people continue working from home, many people are eating meals at home more often. Daily meal preparation can be difficult, so many people are probably thinking about eating out occasionally. However, eating at a restaurant has a high risk of infection, so try to avoid it. Recently, many restaurants have been offering takeout and delivery services, so use those instead.

9. Work From Home! Only Essential Workers Should Commute

Commuting to work on a crowded train and working in a busy office have an extremely high risk of virus infection. You should not commute unless you work in an industry that is vital for the functioning of society, such as medical, infrastructure, or physical distribution. Other than that, you should work from home if possible.

10. Wear a Mask When Talking

The coronavirus spreads from person to person through droplets and contact. Also, even if you are not coughing or sneezing, if you are having a conversation in a closed space with many people at close range, there is still a risk of spreading the virus. A five-minute conversation at close range is said to be the same as coughing once, so when talking to people or leaving the house, always wear a mask.

Hopefully this has been a useful explanation on the current state of affairs in Japan and the measures being taken against the coronavirus. Stay alert, and keep these tips in mind to protect yourself and others against the virus.

*Please note that the information in this article is from the time of writing or publication and may differ from the latest information.

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